Kadamba (Neolamarckia Cadamba) is an ayurvedic medicine used for treating diabetes. It is also beneficial for the management of infections caused by a range of organisms. This herb is known to possess strong medicinal properties, which help to improve the health of the person.

It is also used for treating digestive problems and serious chronic diseases like cancer. It produces antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant actions.

The scientific names of Kadamba are Neolamarckia Cadamba, Sarcocephalus cadamba, Nauclea cadamba, Anthocephalus morindifolius, Anthocephalus cadamba, Anthocephalus indicus, Nauclea megaphylla, Samama cadamba and Neonauclea megaphylla.

Indications, use, and benefits

Kadamba (Neolamarckia Cadamba) has following benefits and uses.

Anti-diabetic activity

A regular use of Kadamba is highly beneficial for the patients suffering from diabetes mellitus. It is a metabolic disorder characterized by increased levels of blood sugar due to the alterations in the metabolism of carbohydrates.

It occurs due to the reduced production of insulin in the pancreas or the inability of the body’s cells to respond to the insulin in an appropriate way. As a result of these abnormalities, the carbohydrates consumed by the person cannot be metabolized leading to high blood sugar levels.

Though there are several types of oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin available for the treatment of diabetes. However, these medications are known to cause side effects. However, Kadamba can help to control the blood sugar levels without causing any adverse effect. Hence, the use of this herb is highly recommended for the patients suffering from diabetes.

The antidiabetic activity of this herb is attributed to the presence of flavonoids and phenolic acids in it. These compounds improve the carbohydrate metabolism and keep the blood sugar levels in control. Kadamba also helps to prevent the complications caused due to the effect of high blood sugar on the nerves, kidneys, eyes, skin, and the foot.

Fungal infections

Kadamba produces a strong antifungal action. It can be used to treat fungal infections of the skin, and ears. The extract of the leaf and bark of this herb produce an antifungal activity, which helps to eliminate the fungi. It can be used to treat infections caused due to a wide range of fungi including Candida Albicans and Aspergillus Fumigatus.

Antibacterial activity

Kadamba can be used to treat infections caused due to bacteria. It helps to treat infections in the skin, digestive tract, nervous system, bones, eyes, and ears.

The aqueous extract of Kadamba fruit has shown significant antibacterial activity against a range of microorganisms such as Staphylococcus Aureus, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Escherichia Coli, Micrococcus Luteus, Staphylococcus Aureus, Bacillus Subtilis, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Klebsiella Pneumonia, Salmonella Typhi, and Proteus Mirabilis.

Parasitic infection

Kadamba produces an anthelminthic activity, which has been proved during research. This herb is effective in the management of several parasitic infections including roundworm, tapeworm, pinworm, and threadworm.

Parasitic infections usually occur due to the unhygienic habits and the consumption of contaminated foods. A regular use of Kadamba helps to prevent the recurrent parasitic infections by enhancing the immunity of the person. It can also help to reduce the symptoms of these infections such as pain in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, loose motions, and reduced appetite.

Parasitic infections are known to cause complications such as loss of weight and anemia. These complications occur because some amount of the energy released from the food consumed and the nutrients present in it are utilized by the parasites. Kadamba can help to prevent these complications by destroying the parasites.

It acts by rendering the parasites residing in the digestive tract immovable by inducing paralysis in them. It results in the loss of motility of the parasites, eventually causing their death. The parasites are later eliminated from the body during defecation.

Cancer

Kadamba produces a significant antitumor activity. It can be used in the management of several forms of cancer including prostate cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, and esophageal cancer.

Cancer occurs due to the proliferation of the abnormal cells in any organ in an uncontrolled way. These abnormal cells have a high tendency to spread to the surrounding as well as the distant healthy tissues resulting in the spread of cancer.

Kadamba can help in treating this disease by limiting the growth of the cancer cells. It also prevents their spread. It contains several bioactive compounds that produce an action similar to that of the chemotherapeutic agents.

The phytochemical screening of this herb has indicated the presence of some chemicals such as betulinic acid and lupeol, which produce an anti-neoplastic activity. It also produces a selective cytotoxic activity against the cancer cells resulting in their destruction. These properties of Kadamba help in reducing the tumor size and tumor cell count.

Additionally, Kadamba also produces an antioxidant action, which helps to protect the healthy tissues from the carcinogenic effect of some toxins. The antioxidant action of this herb ensures an effective destruction of the free radicals, which are known to damage the organs and initiate cancerous changes in them. This action of Kadamba reduces the risk of cancer.

Musculoskeletal diseases

Kadamba can be used to treat the joint and muscle disorders like arthritis, muscle stiffness, and rheumatism. It acts as a natural analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent. It contains flavonoids like quercetin, daidzein, silymarin apigenin, and genistein, which help to provide relief from the pain and stiffness caused due to the musculoskeletal disorders.

Kadamba prevents the worsening of the joint diseases by preventing inflammation and the age-related wear and tear of the joints. The active constituents in Kadamba also reduce swelling in the joints and ease the movements.

Digestive disturbances

Kadamba can be used to treat the symptoms caused due to the digestive disturbances such as loose motions, abdominal cramps, and vomiting.

High cholesterol and triglycerides

Kadamba can be used to reduce the cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The increased cholesterol and triglycerides levels result in the deposition of plaques in the inner walls of the blood vessels making them narrower. As a result, the blood flow to the vital organs such as the heart and brain is affected thereby increasing the risk of myocardial infarction, and stroke.

Kadamba produces a hypolipidemic activity and regulates the fat metabolism. This helps to control the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. Hence, it is commonly used to treat hypercholesterolemia and its complications.